Sunday, 4 May 2014

Allah is for All - A Sabah Perspective

 Allah is for All 
 - A Sabah Perspective 
~ Dr. Jeffrey Kitingan ~

[Editor’s note] This article is full text written by Dr. Jeffrey Kitingan, specially for "Krisis perkataan Allah • Hak berperlembagaan • Kebebasan beragama" forum jointly organised by Sahabat Rakyat Working Committee and Lajnah Perpaduan Nasional (LPN) PAS Johor held on 4 May 2014 at Auditorium JOTIC, JB. Dr. Jeffrey is the President of STAR Party in Sabah, a Roman Catholic and leader of the Kadazan-Dusun ethnic community.

I. Introduction

Religion has never been an issue in Sabah until recently. So, is the word"Allah" for God. It is not an issue.

Religion is between God and the individual. It is a personal thing; a personal choice. Many families in Sabah have family members professing different religion and religious belief; even in my family, we have Christians, Muslims and Buddhists. There is no problem because we respect each other's beliefs.


II. Religious Freedom

We believe in religious freedom which has been enshrined in the Fed Constitutions (Article II)

Quote...
"Tiap-tiap orang berhak menganuti dan mengamalkan agamanya....."

Article 3 (1) also states that...
"Islam is the religion of the Federation but other religion maybe practised in peace and harmony in any part of the federation..."

The restriction or ban on the use of the word "Allah" to Christians is, we believe, against the tenet of the federal constitution on religious freedom and is tantamount to religious persecution and against human rights.

III. Sabah/Sarawak Have No Official Religion

Sabah & Sarawak have no official religion during the formation of Malaysia, infact the first point in the 20/18 points minimum conditions for the Borneo States agreeing to form Malaysia is on religion.

Point # 1 : Religion
"while there was no objection to Islam being the national religion to Malaysia, there should be no State religion in North Borneo and the provisions relating to Islam in the present constitution of Malaya should not apply to North Borneo (Sabah)....."

This provision is also carved in stone in the "Batu Sumpah" in Keningau as "Ugama Bebas" in Sabah. (pix)
Thus, the confiscation and seizure of the Christian Bibles in the Iban and Bahasa Malaysia languages is considered a provocation to non-Muslims, especially Christians.

We, in Sabah, do not understand why the Bible in Bahasa Malaysia is disallowed and now there is a call from a certain group to disallow Bahasa Malaysia in Churches just because of the word "Allah". What's the fuss? We have been using the word all this while. According to an Islamic Scholar (Tariz), the word "Allah", which means God, is an Arabic, not a Malay word. It is not the name of God.

IV. Mixed Marriages Common in Sabah

As religion is considered a personal thing it doesn't come in the way to personal relationship. It is, therefore, not unusual to see mixed marriages in Sabah, even between Muslims and Christians. Each person respects the other person's religion. I know of a friend and work-mate who sends his wife to Church on Sundays and the wife sending him to Mosque on Fridays. I find this uniquely Sabahan. But today the non-muslim is forced to convert before marrying. This condition no longer creates the same atmosphere of respect as before. This means, religion, when forced upon, creates psychological barriers and tension between individuals which eventually spills over to the community at large.

V. Foundation of Peace and Harmony is Respect

No one can claim the exclusivity of "Allah" or God. "Allah" belongs to all. If you respect God/Allah then we should respect one another as children of God. If we truly practise freedom of religion and freedom of choice there should be peace and harmony. I believe religion should promote peace, love and understanding among humans, not hate or misunderstanding. The problem is when religion is politicalized and religious extremists are allowed to grow their ugly heads.

Conclusions

Religion should not be politicised. Freedom of religion in the Federal Constitution should be respected and practised. Religion and religious beliefs is a personal choice. It should also be respected. Sabah & Sarawak are excellent examples of religious accommodation, respect and harmony, even within a family.


Below are the links to Chinese and Malay renditions:

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通告 Notification

人民之友 对我国下届大选意见书
(华 巫 英)3种语文已先后贴出

作为坚守“独立自主”和“与民同在”的立场的一个民间组织,人民之友在今年9月24日对即将来临的第14届全国大选投票,发表了一篇以华文书写的“意见书”,题为:投票支持"反对国家伊斯兰化的候选人": 反对巫统霸权统治!莫让马哈迪帮派"复辟"!

这篇意见书的英文译稿(标题是:Vote for “candidates who are against State Islamisation”: Oppose UMNO hegemonic rule! Prevent “the return to power of Mahathir’s faction”!)已于10月22日张贴在本部落格。马来文译稿(标题是:Undilah "calon yang membantah pengislaman negara": Menentang pemerintahan hegemoni UMNO! Mencegah puak Mahathir kembali kepada kuasa!)也已接着在11月13日在此贴出。

此外,人民之友也将通过电子邮件、微信、WhatsApp等方式,尽可能向全国各民族、各阶层、各行业、各宗教的团体和个人,传送我们的这份“意见书”供参考。我们欢迎跟我们对下届大选的立场和见解一致的团体和个人,将这份“意见书”传送到更多的人手中去!

我们希望,我们在意见书内所表达的对下届大选的立场和观点,能够准确而又广泛地传播到我国各民族、各阶层的人民群众中接受考验,并接受各党派在这次全国大选斗争和今后实践的检验。


Pandangan Sahabat Rakyat terhadap PRU akan datang telah diterbitkan dalam tiga bahasa (Melayu, Cina dan Inggeris)

Sebagai sebuah pertubuhan masyarakat yang berpendirian teguh tentang prinsip "bebas dan berautonomi" dan “sentiasa berdampingan dengan rakyat jelata”, Sahabat Rakyat telah menerbitkan kenyataan tentang pandangan kami terhadap Pilihan Raya Umum ke-14 yang bertajuk "Undilah calon yang menentang Pengislaman Negera: Menentang pemerintahan hegemoni UMNO! Jangan benarkan puak Mahathir kembali memerintah! " (投票支持"反对国家伊斯兰化的候选人": 反对巫统霸权统治!莫让马哈迪帮派"复辟"!)dalam Bahasa Cina pada 24hb September 2017.

Penterjemahan Bahasa Inggeris kenyataan tersebut yang bertajuk Vote for “candidates who are against State Islamisation”: Oppose UMNO hegemonic rule! Prevent “the return to power of Mahathir’s faction”! telah diterbitkan dalam blog kita pada 22hb Oktober 2017 manakala penterjemahan Bahasa Melayu telah diterbitkan pada 13hb November 2017.

Selain daripada itu, Sahabat Rakyat juga akan menyebarkan kenyataan ini seluas mungkin kepada pertubuhan dan individu semua bangsa, strata, profesyen dan agama seluruh Negara melalui email, wechat, whatsApp dan pelbagai saluran lain. Kami amat mengalu-alukan pertubuhan dan individu yang berpendirian dan pandangan sama dengan kami untuk turut menyebarkan kenyataan ini kepada lebih ramai orang!

Kami berharap pendirian dan pandangan kami berkenaan pilihan raya kali ini yang dinyatakan dalam kenyataan tersebut dapat disebarkan dengan tepat dan meluas untuk diuji dalam kalangan rakyat semua bangsa semua strata sosial melalui penglibatan mereka dalam amalan pelbagai parti politik dalam pertempuran pilihan raya umum kali ini mahupun amalan masa depan.


The Chinese, English and Malay renditions of Sahabat Rakyat’s opinions about next election have been published consecutively

As an NGO which upholds “independent and autonomous” position and "always be with the people" principle, on 24 September 2017, Sahabat Rakyat had released a Chinese-written statement of views with regard to the voting in the upcoming 14th General Election, entitled “Vote for candidates who are against State Islamisation: Oppose UMNO hegemonic rule! Prevent the return to power of Mahathir’s faction!” (投票支持"反对国家伊斯兰化的候选人": 反对巫统霸权统治!莫让马哈迪帮派"复辟"!)

The English rendition of this statement entitled "Vote for “candidates who are against State Islamisation”: Oppose UMNO hegemonic rule! Prevent “the return to power of Mahathir’s faction”!" and the Malay rendition entitled "Undilah "calon yang membantah pengislaman negara": Menentang pemerintahan hegemoni UMNO! Mencegah puak Mahathir kembali kepada kuasa!" had been released on 22 October and 13 November respectively.

Apart from that, Sahabat Rakyat will also make every effort to disseminate this statement as widely as possible to organizations and individuals of all ethnic groups, religions and all walks of life throughout the country via email, WeChat, WhatsApp and other channels. We welcome organizations and individuals with the same position and views to spread this statement to more people!

We hope that our position and views pertaining to the next General Election expressed in the statement will be accurately and widely disseminated and also examined by the popular masses of various ethnicity and social strata through their involvement in the struggle of the next General Election carried out by various political parties and their practices in all fields in future.

Malaysia Time (GMT+8)