Monday, 5 October 2015

砂拉越人的砂拉越? / Sarawak for Sarawakians?

砂拉越人的砂拉越?

作者 / 来源:Kelvin Yii / 马来西亚内幕者网
华文译者:郑  晖

当下在砂拉越兴起的“砂拉越人的砂拉越“的政治活动的一个场景
——以上是资料图,为《人民之友》编者所加插的。

【编者按语】人民之友在9月6日举办第14周年纪念活动,邀请了国内5名具有一定代表性的专人,就“马来西亚民主改革的新阶段”这个论坛主题,发表各自的见解和观点。其中来自砂拉越的砂拉越人民心愿协会(Sarawak Association of Peoples’ Aspiration, SAPA)主席徐丽娜(Lina Soo),在她的演讲中提到砂拉越目前已经有人推动“砂拉越人的砂拉越”的运动,当场引起一些与会者的质疑,会后也在一些民主人士之间引起争论。

本文是《马来西亚内幕者网》贴出的署名为Kelvin Yii的读者所撰写的关于“砂拉越人的砂拉越”主张的一篇短文的华文译稿。从文章内容看,作者应该是砂拉越人,他代表砂拉越人发表他对这个课题的独立见解是难能可贵的。作者对“砂拉越人的砂拉越”这主张提出他的质疑,因而提出“砂拉越人为砂拉越奋斗”(“Sarawakians for Sarawak”)的替代主张,值得那些热衷于推行或支持“砂拉越人的砂拉越”这个主张的一些人士认真思考。

作者在文中所说的“多庆幸这些(政治丑闻和道德监管)事件在砂拉越从来不是一个课题”、“我们所见到的仍旧是…………,以及为了满足西马贪婪所导致的资源干枯”和“砂拉越人不会为了私利而开采属于我们砂拉越的丰富资源”的这些话语是有纰漏的。如果说“砂拉越州的贪腐统治集团和西马的贪腐统治集团都是一丘之貉”、“砂拉越的(普通)百姓完全没有机会开采原本属于我们砂拉越人的丰富资源,那就是无可争辩的了。这是因为砂拉越的丰富资源已被国内统治集团特别是砂拉越以“白毛”为代表的统治集团所牢牢控制或掠夺殆尽,无疑是尽人皆知的事实。无论如何,作者对这个课题的见解是值得我国的民主党团和民主人士参考的。

本文是翻译自英文的华文译稿,难免会有纰漏甚至错误,若其中有一些词语含义跟原文的词语含义不符或有抵触之处,则以原文词语的含义为准。以下是全文内容——


最近西马频频发生政治丑闻(political fiasco)和道德监管(moral policing)的事件,我的砂拉越朋友的一个最普遍的评论是:多庆幸这些问题在砂拉越从来不是一个课题;也或许,如果砂拉越不是马来西亚的组成部分(意思即没有加入马来西亚),我们砂拉越人该有多好啊。

以上所述皆属实,而我只是其中之一为砂拉越未能得到公正公平的对待而感到不满的砂拉越人。曾经,砂拉越的先辈们为了让一海之隔的东马砂拉越踏上(经济/均衡)发展的道路,而与半岛统治者签下共组马来西亚的条约,但时隔几十年的光景,我们所见到的仍旧是裹足不前的砂拉越,以及为了满足西马贪婪所导致的资源干枯。

由于上述不满,整个砂州自治主义情绪开始出现,而“砂拉越人的砂拉越”这口号,不断在砂拉越人之中灌输地方主义者的自豪以及采用砂拉越路线管理自己的州自主权的信念。而我在接触这样的想法后也为之共鸣,所以我能理解自治的说法之所以能普及不是没道理的。

上述砂拉越人在马来西亚内争取自主权的政治运动是件好事,我们为所属的州属而骄傲是重要的,我们也必须知道我们从何而来。

但是,经过深一层思考,我质疑着上述情绪是否明智地利用于当前的马来西亚政治里?

利用上述情绪支配人民群众的利益,同时也分裂人民群众的团结。这就是巫统乃至伊斯兰党所惯用的玩弄种族/宗教情绪的同样手段,这么做的目的是为了分裂人民群众,甚至扭曲人民群众的意愿。我并非暗示S4S【这是当下推动“Sarawak for Sarawakians”(”砂拉越人的砂拉越”)者所用的代号——《人民之友》编者注】是一个坏想法,但是,我们可以尝试细心研究它的长期影响,以及它的时间选择。

近来,“S4S”运动的诉求是踢开所有西马政党,这包括3个主要政党,即民主行动党、人民公正党和伊斯兰党(伊斯兰党实际上并不存在于砂拉越)。最终谁会从中获益?基本上“S4S”运动的推动者正在消除敌对的政治力量,阿迪南是个聪明人。人们为什么会想,阿迪南可能是这个运动的最大支柱和重要角色?

我认为这不是政党所要关注的初衷,而政党应以落实人民群众的期望为其斗争目标。但是,事实上大部分的砂拉越政党并没有照顾砂拉越人的福利,他们反而玩弄他们的政治游戏,以获取政治权力和地位,并分取国家的富饶资源。

就看看砂拉越人民联合党[简称人联党(SUPP)]和联合人民党[简称联民党(UPP)]在过去的几个月所演出的闹剧,当这些政党的领袖人物尝试以自己的说辞来证明他们是为人民利益服务时,我差点作呕。

令人深思的是,我们应该相信这些政党会付出争取他们自己利益的同等热诚去争取州属以及我们自己的利益吗?

我的争论点是,上述“砂拉越人的砂拉越”所表达的要求自主权的情绪或许是处在恰当的位置,但对于我而言,它的长期效应可能是毁灭性的。

让我们面对现实,在最近的将来,砂拉越不可能达致像我们许多人期望一样的成就。所以我们的行动或投票,将依然决定整个马来西亚的未来,而西马的政治氛围也将依然影响着我们(指砂拉越或东马——《人民之友》编者注)。

上述“S4S”情绪让国阵成员党获益,让在野党受损。所以,别让这些情绪转移了我们对国家的其他最重要的课题的关注,也别让这些情绪强化一个已被证明把国家搞得乱七八糟的贪腐政权。

我不认为这些情绪越来越高涨地发生在州选举之前,是一件巧合的事,这可能是一个政治把戏,也可能不是,但我们必须警惕砂拉越的尊严不能遭受劫持作为砂拉越统治集团继续掌握政权的一个政治手段。

如今阿迪南正在谈论全是正确的东西,但我想强调的是,我们必须确保他在大选后能够履行他的诺言。

我最终的希望是砂拉越(或东马)的政党别只是因为不让西马的政党(如巫统等)进入其州属而感到自豪,而应该实实在在地建设我们的州属,并担负分配州内财富让人民得以共享的责任。

我坚信我们的砂拉越有着美好的未来。我为砂拉越人的砂拉越的这些情绪感到自豪,但不为这些情绪被劫持以强化一个贪腐政权而感到骄傲。

请让我提出建议:我们一起来推行“砂拉越人为砂拉越奋斗”(“Sarawakians for Sarawak”)以代替“砂拉越人的砂拉越”(“Sarawak for Sarawakians”)。这思想意识挑战我们砂拉越人,无论在政治、经济、教育以及其他各个主要层面,为砂拉越州作出回报;砂拉越人,无论是出身于任何政党,正在要求在自己最了解情况的州属地行使自主权;砂拉越人将会继续推动争取自治权力以及为年轻一代接受更好的教育而努力,砂拉越人会尽全力做得更好,而不是走捷径;最重要的是,砂拉越人不会为了私利而开采属于我们砂拉越的丰富资源。

在这个充满危机时期,当大家都在问“砂拉越人会怎么做?" 时,与其嚷嚷“这些事绝不会发生在砂拉越”,不如用行动证明给大家看。

在欢庆砂拉越独立之时,让我们确保自己为大局着想,不被无谓的情绪所阻碍。眼光短浅已为砂州造成巨大的损害。

气息犹存,希望仍在。祝贺砂拉越独立52周年快乐!- 2015年7月22日


英文原文:

Sarawak for Sarawakians?

With all the political fiasco and moral policing that has been happening in the West (Malaya) recently, one of the most common comments from my fellow Sarawakians is how these things will never be an issue in Sarawak or even how good will Sarawak be if we were never part of Malaysia.

There is truth to that statement and I for one have been vocal about how our state has not gotten our fair share from the Malaysian Agreement that our forefathers in their own foresight signed to put our state in the trajectory of development. Instead we have been short-changed, used, and milked-dry of our resources to further expand the interest of our cousins in the west.

With this dissatisfaction, birthed the whole state nationalist sentiments; “Sarawak for Sarawakians” to, in a sense, instil regionalist pride among ourselves and the conviction to demand autonomy to runour state the “Sarawak Way”. I for one understand why this sentiments is gathering momentum and popularity because when I first heard of it, I also echoed their sentiments.

State nationalism is a good thing, pride for our own state is essential, and knowing where we come from is vital.

But after thinking deeper, I wonder, have these sentiments been wisely used in our current Malaysian political scenario?

Sentiments controls the interest of people, and sentiments divide. It is the same tactics Umno and even PAS are playing with the racial/religious cards to divide people and somewhat bend them to their will. I am not suggesting that “S4S” is a bad sentiment, but just try dissecting its long-term effects, as well as timing of the movement.

Recently, the “S4S” movement have even demanded that we kick out all west political parties, including the major 3; DAP, PKR and PAS (which is actually non-existent).

Who gains from this move? Basically they are wiping out the opposition. Adenan Satem is a smart man. Why do you think is probably the biggest supporter and face of this movement?

May I suggest that it is not the origin of the political party that should matter, but the “cause” it is fighting for is what our focus should be upon. Fact is, a lot of Sarawakian local political parties have not taken care of the welfare of our very own people, but rather play their political games to gain power and to get a cut of the pie of our state’s rich resources.

Just see the games SUPP and UPP have been playing these past few months, and when their leaders tried justifying it by saying it’s to serve the interest of the people, I kinda puked.

The question for us to ponder is do we trust these local parties to spend the same amount of zeal fighting for their own benefit fighting for the state and our very own interest?

My issue with this, the sentiments might in the right place, but for me its long-term effect might be devastating.

Let’s face it, Sarawak will not achieve succession in the near future like many hope to achieve. So our actions or vote will still determine the future of Malaysia as a whole, and the political atmosphere of the west will still affect us. 

Through these sentiments, BN component parties will have everything to gain, and the opposition has everything to lose. Do not let these sentiments cloud us from other essential issues in our nation and strengthen a proven corrupt regime who has messed up the country.

I do not think it is a coincidence these sentiments are gaining momentum so close to the state elections. It could be a political play, it may not be, but let us be careful that state pride will not be hijacked as a political ploy to stay in power.

Adenan Satem is now saying all the right things. I would like to emphasize that it is up to us to keep check that he walks the talk even after the elections.

My hope is that down the line, the legacy of our local political parties will not just be to pride ourselves in keeping out western parties (Umno..etc), but actually building our state and allocating its riches responsibly to its people.

I am a firm believer of the future of my own state. I am for the sentiments of state pride, but not for these sentiments to be hijacked to strengthen a corrupt regime.

May I suggest that instead of pushing for “Sarawak for Sarawakians”, we all push for “Sarawakians for Sarawak.” This ideology challenges us Sarawakians to give back to our state, whether in politics, economics, education and every other major sphere of influence. Sarawakians, in political parties no matter where the origin, claiming autonomy to run things in our own state which we know best. Sarawakians, who will continue to push for autonomy and betterment in education to educate our young, Sarawakians who will do our best in whatever work that is given to us and not take shortcuts, and most importantly Sarawakians who will not exploit the riches of our land for the interest of self.

Instead of just saying “all these will never happen in Sarawak”, show them and exemplify how it should be done that others will ask “what would Sarawakians do?” in moments of crisis.

As we celebrate Sarawak independence, let us make sure we will not be chained by any sentiments that will hinder us from the bigger picture. Short-sightedness has caused our state enough damage already.


Dum Spiro Spero – "While I breathe, I hope."

Agi idup agi ngelaban! Happy 52nd Sarawak Independence Day! – July 22, 2015.

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通告 Notification

人民之友 对我国下届大选意见书
(华 巫 英)3种语文已先后贴出

作为坚守“独立自主”和“与民同在”的立场的一个民间组织,人民之友在今年9月24日对即将来临的第14届全国大选投票,发表了一篇以华文书写的“意见书”,题为:投票支持"反对国家伊斯兰化的候选人": 反对巫统霸权统治!莫让马哈迪帮派"复辟"!

这篇意见书的英文译稿(标题是:Vote for “candidates who are against State Islamisation”: Oppose UMNO hegemonic rule! Prevent “the return to power of Mahathir’s faction”!)已于10月22日张贴在本部落格。马来文译稿(标题是:Undilah "calon yang membantah pengislaman negara": Menentang pemerintahan hegemoni UMNO! Mencegah puak Mahathir kembali kepada kuasa!)也已接着在11月13日在此贴出。

此外,人民之友也将通过电子邮件、微信、WhatsApp等方式,尽可能向全国各民族、各阶层、各行业、各宗教的团体和个人,传送我们的这份“意见书”供参考。我们欢迎跟我们对下届大选的立场和见解一致的团体和个人,将这份“意见书”传送到更多的人手中去!

我们希望,我们在意见书内所表达的对下届大选的立场和观点,能够准确而又广泛地传播到我国各民族、各阶层的人民群众中接受考验,并接受各党派在这次全国大选斗争和今后实践的检验。


Pandangan Sahabat Rakyat terhadap PRU akan datang telah diterbitkan dalam tiga bahasa (Melayu, Cina dan Inggeris)

Sebagai sebuah pertubuhan masyarakat yang berpendirian teguh tentang prinsip "bebas dan berautonomi" dan “sentiasa berdampingan dengan rakyat jelata”, Sahabat Rakyat telah menerbitkan kenyataan tentang pandangan kami terhadap Pilihan Raya Umum ke-14 yang bertajuk "Undilah calon yang menentang Pengislaman Negera: Menentang pemerintahan hegemoni UMNO! Jangan benarkan puak Mahathir kembali memerintah! " (投票支持"反对国家伊斯兰化的候选人": 反对巫统霸权统治!莫让马哈迪帮派"复辟"!)dalam Bahasa Cina pada 24hb September 2017.

Penterjemahan Bahasa Inggeris kenyataan tersebut yang bertajuk Vote for “candidates who are against State Islamisation”: Oppose UMNO hegemonic rule! Prevent “the return to power of Mahathir’s faction”! telah diterbitkan dalam blog kita pada 22hb Oktober 2017 manakala penterjemahan Bahasa Melayu telah diterbitkan pada 13hb November 2017.

Selain daripada itu, Sahabat Rakyat juga akan menyebarkan kenyataan ini seluas mungkin kepada pertubuhan dan individu semua bangsa, strata, profesyen dan agama seluruh Negara melalui email, wechat, whatsApp dan pelbagai saluran lain. Kami amat mengalu-alukan pertubuhan dan individu yang berpendirian dan pandangan sama dengan kami untuk turut menyebarkan kenyataan ini kepada lebih ramai orang!

Kami berharap pendirian dan pandangan kami berkenaan pilihan raya kali ini yang dinyatakan dalam kenyataan tersebut dapat disebarkan dengan tepat dan meluas untuk diuji dalam kalangan rakyat semua bangsa semua strata sosial melalui penglibatan mereka dalam amalan pelbagai parti politik dalam pertempuran pilihan raya umum kali ini mahupun amalan masa depan.


The Chinese, English and Malay renditions of Sahabat Rakyat’s opinions about next election have been published consecutively

As an NGO which upholds “independent and autonomous” position and "always be with the people" principle, on 24 September 2017, Sahabat Rakyat had released a Chinese-written statement of views with regard to the voting in the upcoming 14th General Election, entitled “Vote for candidates who are against State Islamisation: Oppose UMNO hegemonic rule! Prevent the return to power of Mahathir’s faction!” (投票支持"反对国家伊斯兰化的候选人": 反对巫统霸权统治!莫让马哈迪帮派"复辟"!)

The English rendition of this statement entitled "Vote for “candidates who are against State Islamisation”: Oppose UMNO hegemonic rule! Prevent “the return to power of Mahathir’s faction”!" and the Malay rendition entitled "Undilah "calon yang membantah pengislaman negara": Menentang pemerintahan hegemoni UMNO! Mencegah puak Mahathir kembali kepada kuasa!" had been released on 22 October and 13 November respectively.

Apart from that, Sahabat Rakyat will also make every effort to disseminate this statement as widely as possible to organizations and individuals of all ethnic groups, religions and all walks of life throughout the country via email, WeChat, WhatsApp and other channels. We welcome organizations and individuals with the same position and views to spread this statement to more people!

We hope that our position and views pertaining to the next General Election expressed in the statement will be accurately and widely disseminated and also examined by the popular masses of various ethnicity and social strata through their involvement in the struggle of the next General Election carried out by various political parties and their practices in all fields in future.

Malaysia Time (GMT+8)