Sunday, 1 May 2011


2011> Nk 1 cyfj; njhopyhsu; jpd epfo;it Kd;dpl;L
N[h$u; khepy muR rhu;gw;w 4 ,af;fq;fspd; Nfhupf;iffs;

2009-k; Mz;bd; fzf;nfLg;G ,yhfhtpd; Gs;spay; tptug;gb> 52.7% kf;fs; upk 3>000.00j;jpw;Fk; Fiwe;j tUkhdk; ngWk; gpuptpduhfNt cs;sdu;. epGzj;Jtk; my;yJ cly; ciog;G njhopyhsu;fs; ,UghyUNk> jq;fspd; mbg;gilj; Njitfisr; rkhspf;f> fl;lha $Ljy; Neu Ntiy nra;a Ntz;bAs;sJ. ,J kNyrpau;fspilNa tof;fkhd xd;whfptpl;lJ. 8 kzp Neu Ntiy Nfhupf;ifia Kd;itj;J Nghuhb ntw;wp fz;l md;iwa ghl;lhsp tu;f;fj;jpd; jpahfk; ,d;W gadw;W Ngha; > Mtdg;gLj;jg;gl;l rl;ltpjpahf Gj;jfj;jpy; kl;LNk cs;sJ.

fle;j 10 Mz;Lfspy; (2000 Kjy; 2010tiu)> kNyrpau;fspd; ruhrup rk;gs cau;T 2.6% kl;LNk vd cyf tq;fp $WfpwJ. ,J gztPf;fj;jpd; msittpl 3.2% FiwT. njhlUk; epr;rakw;w nghUshjhu epiyahy;> njhopyhsu;fs; Nkhrkhd tho;f;if mOj;jq;fisr; re;jpf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ. nghUshjhu tPo;r;rp njhlUkhdhy;> KjyPl;lhsu;fs; mjpfkhNdhu; ehl;il tpl;L ntspNawf; $Lk;@ ghl;lhspfs; Ntiy ,of;ff;$Lk;. ,jdhy;> Kjypy; gypahtJ ghl;lhspfNs. rpy tUlq;fSf;F Kd;> gpdhq;fpy; kpd;dpay; njhopw;rhiyiar; rhu;e;j Copau;fs; ,JNghd;w gpur;ridahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sdu;.

njhopyhsu; tu;f;fj;jpd; cupikfSk; NjitfSk; Gwf;fzpf;fg;gLtJ tof;fkhd xd;whfptpl;lJ. ,jw;F fhuzk;> njhopw;rq;fq;fs; MSk; tu;f;fj;jpduhy; vy;yh tifapYk; xLf;fg;gl;Lk; gpupj;jhsg;gl;Lk; tUtNjahFk;.

,jidf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L> n[h$u; khepyj;jpy; ,aq;fptUk; xLf;fg;gl;l kf;fs; mzp (n[upl;)> nrk;gUj;jp Njhou;fs; > vy;.vy;.[p. fyhr;rhu Nkk;ghl;L ikak;> kw;Wk; Rthuhk; nraw;FO ez;gu;fs;; Mfpa muR rhu;gw;w 4 ,af;fq;fs; ,ize;J Nk 1 cyfj; njhopyhsu; jpd epfo;tpid > 3 Nfhupf;iffis Kd;dpWj;jp Vw;ghL nra;Js;sdu;. ,f;Nfhupf;iffis murhq;fk; eilKiw gLj;j@ nghJ kf;fs;> muR rhu;gw;w ,af;fj;jpdu; > murpay; fl;rpfisr; rhu;e;Njhu; vd midtUk; xd;wpize;J Kaw;rpf;f Ntz;Lnkd Vw;ghl;lhsu;fs; Nfl;Lf;nfhs;fpd;wdu;.

(1) njhopyhsu; eyd; kw;Wk; cupik ghJfhf;fg;gLk; tifapy; rl;ltpjpapYk; murhq;ff; nfhs;ifapYk; khw;wk; nfhz;Ltu Ntz;Lk;.

MSk; tu;f;fj;jpdupd; eyidj; jw;fhg;gjw;fhf @ murhq;fk; vg;NghJk; njhopyhsu;fspd; Njitfisg; nghUl;gLj;Jtjpy;iy. 2008-y;> NtypANfg; (Valuecap) jdpahu; epWtdj;ijg; ghJfhf;f @ njhopyhsu;fspd; Nrkepjp re;jhit murhq;fk; gad;gLj;jpaJ. fle;j Mz;L> murhq;fk; njhopyhsu; rl;lk; 1955> njhopw;Jiw rl;lk; 1967 kw;Wk; njhopw;rq;fr; rl;lk; 1959 Mfpatw;wpy; khw;wk; nfhz;Ltu jpl;lkpl;bUe;jJ. murhq;fj;jpd; jpl;lk; Fj;jif Kiwapy; njhopyhsu;fis Ntiyapy; Nru;g;gJ. 

,g;Gjpaj; jpl;lj;jpd; top Kjyhspfs; njhopyhsu;fspd; eydpy; mf;fiw nfhs;s NjitapUf;fhJ. ngupa KjyPl;lhsu;fs; > Fwpg;ghf ru;tNjr VfNghfthjpfs; ek; ehl;by; KjyPL nra;a $Ljy; ghJfhg;G toq;Ftij ,j;jpl;lk; Nehf;fkhf nfhz;Ls;sJ. ek; ehl;bYk; ntsp ehLfspSk; Vw;gl;l vjpu;kiwahd jhf;fj;jpdhy; jw;fhypfkhf ,j;jpl;lj;ij murhq;fk; epWj;jpitj;Js;sJ. ,Ug;gpDk;> njhopyhsu;fs; vg;NghJk; ftdkhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. njhopyhsu;fspd; cupikia kWf;Fk; ve;jr; rl;l tpjpiaAk; murhq;fk; eilKiw gLj;Jtij njhopyhsu; tu;f;fk; mDkjpf;ff; $lhJ. mNj rkak;> njhopyhsu;fspd; cupikfs; ghJfhf;fg;gLk; tifapyhd rl;lk; > murhy; epiyepWj;jg;gLtijj; njhopyhsu;fs; cWjpgLj;jpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,J njhlu;ghd ekJ Nfhupf;iffs; gpd;tUkhW :-

1.  njhopw;rq;fk; mikg;gjw;Fk; nray;gLtjw;Fkhd cupik rl;lkhf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.
kNyrpaj; njhopyhsu;fspy; 7.7% kl;LNk njhopw;rq;fq;fspy; ,ize;Js;shu;fs; vd 2006-k; Mz;L A.gp.vk;. khztu; xUtupd; Ma;T fhl;LfpwJ. njhopyhsu;fspd; cupikiag; ghJfhg;gjw;F murhq;fk; njhopw;Jiw rl;lk; 1967 kw;Wk; njhopw;rq;fr; rl;lk; 1959 Mfpatw;iw khw;wp @ RNar;irahd njhopw;rq;fj;ij mikf;f Ntz;Lk;. gpw;Nghf;F vz;zk; nfhz;l Kjyhspfs; njhopw;rq;fq;fspd; eltbf;iffisj; jLf;f Ml;rpahsu;fspd; Mjuitg; gad;gLj;jp tUfpd;wdu;. njhopw;rq;fis mikf;Fk; Rje;jpuj;ij njhopyhsu;;fs; ngw;wpUg;gijr; rl;lkhf;f Ntz;Lk;.

2.  Fiwe;jgl;r rk;gs rl;l eilKiw > ghl;lhspfspd; tho;Tupikf;F cj;jputhjk;
,f;Nfhupf;ifg; ghl;lhspfspd; mbg;gil tho;Tupikiag; ghJfhf;fpwJ. cau;e;J tUk; md;whl tho;f;if nryitr; rkhspf;f @ fl;lha $Ljy; Neu Ntiy nra;Ak; njhopyhsu;fs; ,r;rl;lj;jhy; gadilaf; $Lk;. ,k;Kaw;rp md;iwa ghl;lhspfs; Nghuhb ntw;wp fz;l Ntiy 8 kzp Neuk; > Xa;T 8 kzp Neuk; > RatpUg;G 8 kzp Neuk; vDk; Nfhupf;iff;Fr; rkkhdjhFk;.

3.  kdpj cupik> [dehafk; kw;Wk; Rje;jpuk; ,itfSf;F vjpuhd rl;ljpl;lq;fisj; jil nra;a Ntz;Lk;.
xLf;fg;gl;l kf;fSk; njhopyhsu;fSk; jq;fSf;F [dehafk; > Rje;jpuk; kw;Wk;; kdpj cupik fpilf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W vjpu;ghu;f;fpd;wdu;. njhopyhsu; kw;Wk; [dehaf ,af;fq;fs; tsk;fhz @ ,tw;wpw;F vjpuhf jw;NghJ ehl;by; eilKiwapy; ,Uf;Fk; cs;ehl;L ghJfhg;Gr; rl;lk; > fpsu;r;rpf;fhd rl;lk; 1948 > OSA , ntspaPL kw;Wk; gjpg;Gupik rl;lk; 1984 Nghd;wtw;iw epge;jidapd;wp jil nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

(2) njhopyhsu; eyidg; ghJfhf;Fk; tifapy; nghUshjhuj; jpl;lj;ij mky;gLj;Jjy;

nghUs;fspd; tpiy njhlu;e;J Vwp tUtjhYk; @ gztPf;fk; mjpfupg;ghYk; njhopyhsu;fspd; md;whl tho;f;if rpf;fYf;Fupajhf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,Ue;Jk;> ngl;Nuhy;> Bry;> vupthA kw;Wk; rPdp Nghd;w mj;ahtrpag; nghUs;fspd; Cf;Ftpg;Gj; njhifiaf; fle;j 2010> [_iy khjk; njhlq;fp Fiwj;Jk;; @ jtpu;j;Jk; tUk; murhq;fk; > kf;fsplkpUe;J nghUs; Nrit tupia t#ypf;f Kaw;rpj;J tUfpd;wJ. NkYk;> ghf;$d; ePu; miz jpl;lk;> 100 khb fl;llk; Nghd;w Kjyhsp tu;f;fj;jpd; tUkhdj;ijg; ngUf;Fk; gy jpl;lq;fis mky;gLj;jp kf;fisg; gypflh Mf;fpwJ. ,J Nghd;w jpl;lq;fshy; Fiwe;j tUkhdk; ngUk; Vio kf;fs; NkYk; Viofshf cUthfpd;wdu;. ,J njhlu;ghd ekJ Nfhupf;iffs; gpd;tUkhW :-

1.  murhq;fk; mky;gLj;Jk; mj;ahtrpag; nghUs;fspd; Cf;Ftpg;Gj; njhif Fiwg;G my;yJ ePf;fj;ij vjpu;g;Nghk; kw;Wk; nghUs; Nrit tupia vjpu;g;Nghk;
gztPf;fj;ij cldbahf epWj;j > murhq;fk; nghUs; Nrit tupia uj;J nra;a Ntz;Lk;. mj;ahtrpag; nghUs;fspd; Cf;Ftpg;Gj; njhifiaj; njhlu;e;J toq;f Ntz;Lk;.

2.  neLQ;rhiy kw;Wk; nghJ Nrit Jiwia murhq;f kakhf;FNthk; @ jdpahu; kaf; nfhs;ifia vjpu;g;Nghk;
nghJ kf;fspd; tho;tpay; Njitahd neLQ;rhiy> jz;zPu;> kpd;rhuk; Nghd;w nghJ Nrit Jiwfis murhq;fNk epu;tfpf;f Ntz;Lk;. NkYk;> murhq;fk; epu;tfpf;Fk; ngl;Nuhdh]; Nghd;w epWtdq;fspd; fzf;Ffis kf;fspd; ghu;itf;F nfhz;Ltu Ntz;Lk;.

3.  tptrhapfs; nrhe;j epyk; ngw;wpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vDk; nfhs;ifia mky;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;
tptrhapfspd; mbg;gil Njitfisg; G+u;j;jp nra;aTk; @ ehl;bd; tptrhaj; Jiwia Nkk;gLj;jTk; tptrhapfis epy cupikahsu;fshf cUthf;Fk; nfhs;ifia murhq;fk; mkyhf;fk; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

(3) g+kpGj;uhf;fspd; rpwg;Gr; rYif kw;Wk; gy ghugl;rf; nfhs;iffs; ePf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;

fle;j miu E}w;whz;lhf > mk;Ndh murhq;fk; xU rhuhupd; eyid kl;Lk; fUj;jpy; nfhz;L ghugl;rkhf gy eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhz;L te;Js;sJ. ,tw;Ws; gy;ypd kf;fisg; gpupj;jhSk; jd;ikAk; xd;W. ekJ Gjpa gpujku; > e[pg; mg;Jy; u]hf; jiyik nghWg;Ngw;wgpd;> ,e;eltbf;ifahdJ xNu kNyrpah kw;Wk; Gjpa nghUshjhu tbtk; Nghd;w mofpa thrfq;fNshL @ NkYk; Kidg;ghf ,aq;fptUfpwJ. kf;fspd; eyidf; fUj;jpy; nfhs;shky; @ mk;Ndh murhq;fk; Nkw;nfhz;LtUk; ,j;jifa eltbf;iffshNyNa > Nghl;b jpwd; Fiwe;J > epGzu;fs; my;yJ jpwikrhypfis ,oe;J > gy;ypd kf;fspilNa Gupe;Jzu;T kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;fk; mw;W fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,J njhlu;ghd ekJ Nfhupf;iffs; gpd;tUkhW :-

1.  g+kpGj;uhf;fspd; Nfhl;lh ePf;fg;gl;L > gy;ypd kf;fSk; ruprkkhf elj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;
gy;ypd kf;fspilNa ey;ypzf;fj;ijAk; Nghl;b jpwidAk; tsu;f;f> murhq;fk; g+kpGj;uhf;fspd; Nfhl;lh epiyia ePf;fp@ midj;J ,dj;jtiuAk; rkkhf elj;j Ntz;Lk;.

2.  ghugl;rf; nfhs;iffs; ePf;fg;gl;L > gytPdkhdtu;fSk; ruprkkhf elj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;
murhq;fj; Jiwfspy; Ntiyapy; Nru;j;jy; kw;Wk; gjtp cau;Tfspy; fhzg;gLk; ,d ghFghLfs; fisag;gl Ntz;Lk;. NkYk;> rpW tzpfu;fSf;F toq;fg;gLk; flDjtp jpl;lk; kw;Wk; Ntiyapl rl;ltpjpfs; jsu;j;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;. midtiuAk; ,dk;> kjk;> ek;gpf;if > Mz;-ngz; ghFghLfs; ,y;yhky; ruprkkhf elj;j Ntz;Lk;. mNj rkak;> nghUshjhu r%f Jiwfspy; gpd;jq;fpapUf;Fk; ,e;jpau; kw;Wk; gpw rpWghd;ikapdiu murhq;fk; ghFghbd;wp ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk;.

xLf;fg;gl;l kf;fspd; Fwpg;ghf> ,e;jpau;fspd; cupikAk; eyDk; ghJfhf;fg;gltpy;iy vd;gJ kWf;f Kbahj fUj;J. ,jid> murhq;fj;jhy; elj;jg;gLk; gy;tif fz;ftu; > njhopyhsu; jpd fiyepfo;r;rpfshy; kiwf;f ,ayhJ. fle;j 20 Mz;Lfshf ek; ehl;by; ,e;jpaj; njhopyhsu;fNs Nk 1 cyfj; njhopyhsu; jpd nfhz;lhl;l kuig gpd;gw;wp tUfpd;wdu;. ,tu;fs; ,e;ehis ngupa mstpy; Nguzp elj;jp nfhz;lhLfpd;wdu;. tpag;Gf;Fupa ,tu;fspd; Nghuhl;l czu;it ehk; midtUk; czu Ntz;Lk; @ ghuhl;l Ntz;Lk;.

MSk; tu;f;fj;jpd; vjpu;kiwahd nfhs;ifia vjpu;j;J Nghuhl > ghl;lhsp kf;fs; jq;fs; kPJ mf;fiw nfhs;Sk;> jpwikahd jiyikj;Jtj;jpd; fPo; ,ize;J @ vOr;rp ngw Ntz;Lk;. gy ,d njhopyhsu;fSk; gpuptpidapd;wp xd;WgLtNjhL @ Ml;rpahsu;fspd; kPJ nfhz;Ls;s ek;gpf;ifiaf; iftpl;L @ cWjpahf Nghuhl Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. ,jd;top muR njhlu;e;J ifahSk; gpupj;jhSk; Rje;jpuj;ij Kwpabf;f KbAk;. ,jdhy;> [dehaf kf;fs; Nghuhl;lk; NkYk; tYg;ngWk;. ,Wjpahf > kf;fis mlf;fpahSk; nfhLikahd Ml;rpf;F rkhjp fl;LNthk;.

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